This article examines developmental processes in postwar Poland. 216x154x1 mm. Poland has problems. Introductorily, the work will begin with a historical review in order to lead over to opposing political forces in Poland and with it the social problems devoted to politics. The Birth of Solidarity). Book Condition: Neu. Despite the economic crisis, Poland’s unemployment rate is around 8.9 % published by Eurostat in January 2010 and therewith below the EU27 average of 9.5 % (Eurostat, 2010 p.1). The Problem With Poland’s New Nationalism Poland’s government rails against foreign oppression. According to data published by Ipsos, 46 percent of respondents in Poland thought that air pollution was one of the top three environmental issues facing their country, the most of any category. Developmental processes, therefore, are controlled by political and not economic logic. This work aims to evaluate major social problems in the 21st century of Poland in the framework of political configurations and economic conditions. The reasons can be related to social problems like unemployment, stagnation of economy, working emigration, political system, crime and health system to name some major areas that people’s life is affected by and can be seen as a source of individual problems that might be expressed in a low turnout of votes. Road: social provisions. : +45 39 17 17 17 Fax: +45 39 17 18 18 E-mail: contact@euro.who.int Web site: www.euro.who.int Social inequalities in health in Poland. The number of unemployed people decreased fast between 2002 from 3.2mio (~20%) to 1.9mio (~11%) in 2007 (Ministerium für Wirtschaft - Wien, 2008 p.30). However, Poland’s total social expenditure is not so high – Poland spends 16.4 per cent of GDP, but for comparison France already has a level of 24.3 per cent and the EU average is 18.8 per cent. More than ever before, polish politicians could have needed the back-up by the Soviet Union, but with the death of Stalin in 1953, the destalinization of the USSR prevented an interaction, which paved the way for partial reforms towards liberalism, wherein liberalism has to be understood under the force of communism and is not the slightest comparable to western free-market movements. Beggars and homeless people became common sights after being virtually nonexistent during … Rigid reforms towards free market structures made Poland the best flourishing EU Member State of all acceding EU-countries. An appalling number of 14 prime ministers served their duty since the polish transformation began in 1989 and can be understood as an expression of the diverse number of opposing forces and tensions in the parliament, which consists of a high number of small parties. The People of Poland, Social Problems fall of Communism, national police force, Communist rule, Beggars, market economy. Lech Kaczyński, a former advisor of Lech Wałęsa and vice- chairman of the Solidarność trade union in 1989, started for the party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS) to succeed the post-communist president in 2005. The first prime minister was Tadeusz Mazowiecki, similar to Lech Wałęsa a former leader of the solidarity movements. Poland’s entry into the NATO in 1999 and into the European Union (EU) in 2004 was a step on political level to gain more stability and maintain security of the country. This means that the general size of labour force decreases slightly which is beneficial for the rate of unemployment. Poland may be facing a severe financial trouble, however, it still has the capability of reducing the unemployment rate of its youth to manageable levels. Inland waterways: social dimension. - High royalties for the sales Dependence on Coal-Mining in Poland. Mayor changes in the Eastern Bloc imposed by the President of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, with perestroika and glasnost encouraged Poland to political reforms. Sociology in Poland has been developing, as has sociology throughout Europe, since the mid-19th century.Polish sociology is today a vibrant science, with its own experts and currents of thought. As the population is aging, it has also started to decline: from 38.6 million in 1995, to 38 million in 2010, to an expected 32 million in 2050. An overwhelming influx of refugees isn’t one of them . The work by Strawiński (2008, p.41) (Buffalo University, 1992), Within the beginning of the Edward Gierek era, succeeding Gomułka in 1970, the economy seemed to be very prosperous, as a general upward trend was noticed, recognized by the public in a higher living standard and a more stable economy. Such a method could make it more likely to form more stable coalitions in Poland; on the other hand it would ignore the opinion of minority parties. But the Germans should offer the Poles a way out of their problem. Lech Wałęsa received the Nobel Price for Peace in 1983 for his ‘[...] campaign for human rights [...]’ and ‘[...] ensur[ing] the workers' right to establish their own organisations’ (The Nobel Foundation, 1983). Let’s stop buying the fiction of Europe’s far-right populists. It is also not treated as a stable pillar by Polish elites. Despite its communistic past, Poland was able to establish free-marked structures in relatively short time. Today it is 38.2. The Warsaw-Pact signed in 1955 as counteract to the western North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), were primarily seeking to ally military defence and economical support among the satellite states. The Polish government’s efforts to undermine the rule of law and human rights protections continued during the year. Communist dogma failed to change theintellectual or spiritual outlook of most Poles, however, becausetraditional institutions such as the Roman Catholic Church and thefamily remained strong supp… Get the New Statesman\'s Morning Call email. defeating Jarosław Kaczyński with 33.2 % (estm. Ketan Patel, an Indian student in health care at Vistula University in Warsaw, said he’s had no problems in Poland, despite the country’s anti-immigrant reputation: “People here are very friendly.” Unlike in other European countries, Poland’s sharp rise in immigration has produced little social friction. Data and theories related to the British labour market are used to compare the markets and point out possible ways to cope with future challenges. - Every paper finds readers, International Politics and Country Analyses. Towards the end of the Gomułka era in 1970, the economical crisis came into full force, when the government had to increase the price for basic food, which were stabilized artificially in former times and obliged the leader to resign after major strikes against the communistic regime widened. Reasons for the positive development are seen in demographic factors, growth related to EU entry and migration of Labour: After an almost linear increase in the population of Poland from the early 1960s to 1995, the development shows stagnation and even a slight decrease in residents after 1995 (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010 Chap. Poland is a country rich with natural resources and is currently a large producer in this area globally. Although there have been reported incidents of ethnic violence against Roma and Germans, there are no ethnic conflicts comparable to those in other former Communist republics. However, in order to keep these resources environmentally conscious and plentiful, Poland must work now to protect them. SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN THE 21ST CENTURY OF POLAND To save Social Problems in the 21st century of Poland PDF, remember to follow the button beneath and save the document or gain access to additional information which might be related to SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN THE 21ST CENTURY OF POLAND ebook. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); With the fall of Communism and its social-welfare network and system of subsidized food and housing, large sections of Polish society, especially the elderly, fell into poverty. Similar to other developed countries, Poland can expect to face problems in paying pensions and a lack of future labour force to maintain a growing GDP. Next most serious social problem in Poland is alcoholism. But soon after, the ineffectiveness of new factories and mismanagement combined with global problems (such as the oil crisis in 1973) affected the economy adversely. Environment - current issues: decreased emphasis on heavy industry and increased environmental concern by post-communist governments has improved environment; air pollution remains serious because of emissions from burning low-quality coals in homes and from coal-fired power plants; the … New elections were scheduled on 20th June 2010 and resulted in a partly victory for the centralist Bronisław Komorowski from the party Platforma Obywatelska (Civil Platform) with 47.3 % (estm.) Guided by Lech Wałęsa, a veteran and electrician, the trade union Solidarność was aiming to establish ‘a trade union independent of communist party control[ling] and possessing the legal right to strike’ (Buffalo University, 1992 Chap. (Buffalo University, 1992), Władysław Gomułka gained leadership in 1956 after callings for reforms broadened and demonstrations amidst workers forced the communistic government to reshape its political approach. VJN7WUBHHB4O < Book # Social Problems in the 21st century of Poland SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN THE 21ST CENTURY OF POLAND GRIN Verlag Mai 2011, 2011. The country fared better through the economic downturn than most countries in Europe. Stochastic forecasts by the Max Plank Institute for Demographic Research predict not only a sharp decrease in population down to 27 to 35 millions by 2050, but also that 38 % of the population will be aged over 65 years (Matysiak et al, 2005 p.2). Can Poland sustain its strong economic performance under these conditions? The Gdańsk Agreement was a crucial step to further liberalization that had never been as advanced before under the umbrella of the Soviet Union. … Similar to Poland, Germany had to cope with its communistic past of the GDR, which it did very openly. With the fall of Communism and its social-welfare network and system of subsidized food and housing, large sections of Polish society, especially the elderly, fell into poverty. In fact, drinking alcohol is a kind of generally accepted social custom. All these efforts and developments let hope for the future of Poland and if stronger recognized by the people, then identification with politics might increase once again. Poland - Poland - Health and welfare: Health care in Poland has been handled largely by the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, which oversees the health departments of the regional governments. Sign-up. The use of firearms and explosives has soared since 1989. UK Politics. When the country cameunder communist control in 1945, Polish society also was subjected to aset of rigid ideological tenets. The primacy of politics over economy is an ideological principle of socialist systems. Anti-migrant protests are rare and when they do occur, crowds are thin. The historical dimension of the relations with both countries is trouble-laden for the Poles. Poland Environment - current issues. Wojciech Przybylski is editor-in-chief of Eurozine and chairman of Res Publica Foundation in Warsaw. Having a look at the political system in countries like Germany or the United States of America (USA), it can be revealed that parts of the struggle in polish politics is related to its political semi-presidential system and with it the power of the decision-maker. A post-communist, Aleksander Kwaśniewski, succeeded Wałęsa in 1995 as president by a small margin in the second election round. Follow @@JuliaRampenMM. Taschenbuch. (Buffalo University, 1992). Facilities include clinics; hospitals; sanatoriums, rest homes, and spas; and ambulance services. This development in voter turnout is somehow unexpected, especially taking into account that the country has been affected by suppression of freedom by the communist regime over years, someone would expect a relieve shown in a higher participation in elections. Poland is aging, and aging fast. Pollution has become a growing problem for Poland as more regions face poor air quality due to reliance on coal-based energy. A major sign of dominance was set by the USSR in 1948, when Poland were forced to decline urgently needed reparations related to the Marshall Plan offered by the US. It is believed that the success of a former communist is due to the considerable sacrifices the polish people had to sustain over the first five years of implementing free market conditions and democracy. From the banners Polish nationalist demonstrators held up at a 60,000-strong march this weekend, it would be easy to think the … Poland is the most populous country in Central Europe with a consumer market of over 38 million people. The system in Germany has another advantage over the polish system, as it possesses a five-percent rule, which means that a party needs five or more percent of the votes during the general election in order to get a seat in the parliament. A generic term applied to the range of conditions and aberrant behaviours which are considered to be manifestations of social disorganization and to warrant changing via some means of social engineering. The Constitution of Poland states that all citizens have the right to social security in case of being unable to find a job, reaching the retirement age, or suffering from inability to work due to illness or disability. Reduction in the rate of employment is a sign of economic stability, and a reason for Poland to weather in the difficult conditions of global market. The question about political outlook and hope of Poland remains. Sean O'Grady Forget Brexit – the EU has bigger problems now. Economic reforms and national reconstruction in a centralized Six-Year- Plan imposed by the Soviet Government was seeking to accelerate the recovery of the country by nationalization of private trade and industry. Political and Historical Development of Poland after the WWII. Our local team responds to poor housing through a number of activities such as the construction of new houses, renovations of apartments, advocacy (promoting social housing policies with the government) as well as microloan programmes. On 10th April 2010 the polish people suffered a severe loss, when the president and other political leader came to death in an airplane crash near the city of Smolensk, Russia (Campell and Franchetti, 2010). Social inequalities in health in Poland World Health Organization Regional Offi ce for Europe Scherfi gsvej 8, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark Tel. The advantage of open handling with secret documents of the GDR is that it helped to re-establish trust in politics, as it was possible in short time to widely finish off the period of communistic area of a reunited Germany. Similar to other developed countries, Poland can expect to face problems in paying pensions and a lack of future labour force to maintain a growing GDP. Continuous surveys conducted by the Public Opinion Research Centre (CBOS) shows that the positive attitude towards the EU integration (CBOS, 2010 EU integration) from 2001 onwards is coherent with an increase in living standard (CBOS, 2010 Standard of living). Given a strong enlivenment of the polish economy, the situation of the labour market improved continuously as well. The political circumstances after the change of the system proved to be challenging and are still not solved sufficiently. classic theses advanced by Mills on professional ideology of social pathologies will be discussed). Furthermore, Poland is facing a typical phenomenon of western countries that is ageing population. Vogue Poland praised for pro-choice cover in wake of abortion ban. The economically situation of Poland is analysed by considering the social problems of unemployment and labour migration. Photo: Getty Sign Up. Abstract The study presents a first comprehensive report … Poland’s real problem isn’t press freedom — it’s rule of law. GRIN Verlag Mai 2011, 2011. … Poland should first of all accept that the double majority voting system is here to stay. ), the twin brother of Lech Kaczyński, in the first round of Polish presidential elections; the run-off is planned for the 4th July 2010 to determine the president (J.P., 2010). 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