Rock music combines many kinds of music from the United States, such as country music, folk music, gospel music, work, blues and jazz.. Rock and roll developed in the early 1950s from a kind of music called rhythm and blues performed by black singers and musicians.At first, this music was popular only with African-Americans. Origins. [107], From its early 1950s beginnings through the early 1960s, rock and roll spawned new dance crazes[108] including the twist. Oh, Teenagers Too", "Sister Rosetta Tharpe: the godmother of rock 'n' roll", "RAMBLIN' ROUND: Hank Williams: Kicking open that rock 'n' roll door", "Bo Diddley, guitarist who inspired the Beatles and the Stones, dies aged 79", "Granville's Bill Flagg pioneered rockabilly", "Hail, Hail, Rock 'n' Roll: The rock revolution gets underway", The Smithsonian's history of the electric guitar,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "The Rock Window: A Way of Understanding Rock Music" by Paul Friedlander, in, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 06:36. Teenagers found the syncopated backbeat rhythm especially suited to reviving Big Band-era jitterbug dancing. [13][14], The phrase "rocking and rolling" originally described the movement of a ship on the ocean,[15] but by the early 20th century was used both to describe the spiritual fervor of black church rituals[16] and as a sexual analogy. Combining a variety of musical styles, rock music developed into a cultural phenomenon first in the United States, and later across the globe. Rock and Roll – 1950s to Present. [63] By 1954, as rock and roll was beginning to emerge, a number of similar acts began to cross over from the R&B charts to mainstream success, often with added honking brass and saxophone, with the Crows, the Penguins, the El Dorados and the Turbans all scoring major hits. [85], As interest in rock and roll was beginning to subside in America in the late 1950s and early 1960s, it was taken up by groups in major British urban centres like Liverpool, Manchester, Birmingham, and London. The more familiar sound of these covers may have been more palatable to white audiences, there may have been an element of prejudice, but labels aimed at the white market also had much better distribution networks and were generally much more profitable. [27][29] One particularly noteworthy example of a jazz song with recognizably rock and roll elements is Big Joe Turner with pianist Pete Johnson's 1939 single Roll 'Em Pete, which is regarded as an important precursor of rock and roll. Bill Brewster and Frank Broughton, Last Night a DJ Saved My Life: The History of the Disc Jockey Last Night's a book about some of the ways in which music became popular, and artists earned fans.Many rock artists and groups depended a great deal on radio—and later, club—disc jockeys to promote their sound. [43] The song became one of the biggest hits in history, and frenzied teens flocked to see Haley and the Comets perform it, causing riots in some cities. 99. Welcome to the official blog of Professor Andrew Hunt's History 105: Rock 'n' Roll and U.S. History, at the University of Waterloo! [36], Rock and roll arrived at a time of considerable technological change, soon after the development of the electric guitar, amplifier and microphone, and the 45 rpm record. History of Rock n Roll just from $13,9 / page. History of Rock and Roll – Introduction. Heralding this new sound were disc jockeys such as Alan Freed of Cleveland, Ohio, Dewey Phillips of Memphis, Tennessee, and William (“Hoss”) Allen of WLAC in Nashville, Tennessee—who created rock-and-roll radio by playing hard-driving rhythm-and-blues and raunchy blues records that introduced white suburban teenagers to a culture that sounded more exotic, thrilling, and illicit than anything they had ever known. [56] Many other popular rock and roll singers of the time, such as Fats Domino and Little Richard,[57] came out of the black rhythm and blues tradition, making the music attractive to white audiences, and are not usually classed as "rockabilly". Rock n’ roll is one of these rare genres that has been a catalyst of social and even occasionally political change over its history in the United States. Artists such as Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Phil Ochs, and Tom Paxton were known for the poetic … In "There's No Romance in Rock and Roll" from True Life Romance (1956), a defiant teen dates a rock and roll-loving boy but drops him for one who likes traditional adult music—to her parents' relief. Using a variety of sources, Stacker created a loosely chronological list of 50 moments in history that defined rock ’n’ roll. Rolling Stone… Rock's Origins (1940s-1960s) Rock’s origins can be traced to the late 1940s, when the popular styles of the day, country music and blues, morphed into a new sound aided by electric guitars and a steady drumbeat. Rock Band, This day in rock, is a history of Rock n roll, Rock Music, and Rock Music History, growing everyday with facts about the Beatles, Led Zeppelin, Elvis Presley, Eddie Van Halen, Pink Floyd, Santana to name a few. In 1969 he released a single, Suspicious Minds, which went on to become number one. His style of music combined with black influences created controversy during a turbulent time in history. [91] At the same time, TV shows such as Six-Five Special and Oh Boy! Station owners Todd Storz in Omaha, Nebraska,…, …the drama helped launch the rock-and-roll revolution by using “Rock Around the Clock” by Bill Haley and the Comets as its theme. [61], Doo-wop was one of the most popular forms of 1950s rhythm and blues, often compared with rock and roll, with an emphasis on multi-part vocal harmonies and meaningless backing lyrics (from which the genre later gained its name), which were usually supported with light instrumentation. [105], In America, that concern was conveyed even in youth cultural artifacts such as comic books. [85] Cliff Richard and his backing band, the Shadows, were the most successful home grown rock and roll based acts of the era. Similarly, country boogie and Chicago electric blues supplied many of the elements that would be seen as characteristic of rock and roll. [68] Some of Presley's early recordings were covers of black rhythm and blues or blues songs, such as "That's All Right" (a countrified arrangement of a blues number), "Baby Let's Play House", "Lawdy Miss Clawdy" and "Hound Dog". [85] During this period American Rock and Roll remained dominant; however, in 1958 Britain produced its first "authentic" rock and roll song and star, when Cliff Richard reached number 2 in the charts with "Move It". Not a single title of my humble assemblage of around 100 books on rock and roll's history is mentioned here. It has its roots in various African-American styles of music, such as blues, jazz and gospel, and in country music. "], the Crew Cuts [the Chords' "Sh-Boom" and Nappy Brown's "Don't Be Angry"], the Fountain Sisters [The Jewels' "Hearts of Stone"] and the Maguire Sisters [The Moonglows' "Sincerely"]. S. Evans, "The development of the Blues" in A. F. Moore, ed., Busnar, Gene, It's Rock ’n’ Roll: A musical history of the fabulous fifties, Julian Messner, New York, 1979, p. 45. [86] Trad Jazz became popular, and many of its musicians were influenced by related American styles, including boogie woogie and the blues. There is general agreement that it arose in the Southern United States – a region that would produce most of the major early rock and roll acts – through the meeting of various influences that embodied a merging of the African musical tradition with European instrumentation. 15. [84], In the 1950s, Britain was well placed to receive American rock and roll music and culture. The lyrics of rock and roll songs described events and conflicts that most listeners could relate to through personal experience. 99 $14.99 $14.99. [63] Despite the subsequent explosion in records from doo wop acts in the later '50s, many failed to chart or were one-hit wonders. [101] The coming together of white youth audiences and black music in rock and roll inevitably provoked strong white racist reactions within the US, with many whites condemning its breaking down of barriers based on color. [98] In addition, rock and roll may have contributed to the civil rights movement because both African-American and white American teens enjoyed the music. [104] Rock and roll is often identified with the emergence of teen culture among the first baby boomer generation, who had greater relative affluence and leisure time and adopted rock and roll as part of a distinct subculture. Movie stars such as Marlon Brando in The Wild One (1953) and James Dean in Rebel Without a Cause (1955) oozed sullen, youthful defiance that was echoed by the music. Acrobatic Rock and Roll requires a lot of skill and stamina and is a highly demanding sport. I could ramble on but a little research probing this vast wasteland of cyber space- and a true quest of rock's history- is somewhat void without exploring a few of these elements. In the earliest rock and roll styles, either the piano or saxophone was typically the lead instrument. Chronicling the history of rock and roll without tracing its origins would be meaningless. [20] Particularly significant influences were jazz, blues, gospel, country, and folk. Although only a minor hit when first released, when used in the opening sequence of the movie Blackboard Jungle a year later, it set the rock and roll boom in motion. Stewart Cohen/Blend Images/Getty Images . [70] One of the first relevant successful covers was Wynonie Harris's transformation of Roy Brown's 1947 original jump blues hit "Good Rocking Tonight" into a more showy rocker[71] and the Louis Prima rocker "Oh Babe" in 1950, as well as Amos Milburn's cover of what may have been the first white rock and roll record, Hardrock Gunter's "Birmingham Bounce" in 1949. 20. History of Rock and Roll – Where It All Started. [67] Before the efforts of Freed and others, black music was taboo on many white-owned radio outlets, but artists and producers quickly recognized the potential of rock and roll. Widely recognized as the Queen of Rock ‘n’ Roll, the inimitable Tina Turner began her illustrious career with the Ike and Tina Turner Review of “River Deep, Mountain High” fame in the early 1960s. And, for the next decade or so, it would be a drinking fixture at nightclubs, dive bars and suburban dinner parties alike. History of Rock and Roll. 99. This documentary offers a vivid explanation, and all told through original film footage, photographs, and the words of those who lived it, many as teens and young adults in high … Paperback $14.99 $ 14. believes Mark David Chapman may have been programmed to kill him by the CIA. [37][44][45], Other artists with early rock and roll hits included Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Little Richard, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Gene Vincent. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Thus began the unusually large bubble in the population curve of America known as the Baby Boom, as gazillions of babies were born all of a sudden in the span of five to ten years. People who take that perspective will almost always trace the rock ’n’ roll movement’s genesis to 1955, when “Rock Around the Clock” by Bill Haley and the Comets became the … [27] Surf rock in particular, noted for the use of reverb-drenched guitars, became one of the most popular forms of American rock of the 1960s. [102] Many authors have argued that early rock and roll was instrumental in the way both white and black teenagers identified themselves. [12], Many early rock and roll songs dealt with issues of cars, school, dating, and clothing. [20] Because the development of rock and roll was an evolutionary process, no single record can be identified as unambiguously "the first" rock and roll record. 1 hit "Heartbreak Hotel" by Presley. [30][31][32] The 1940s saw the increased use of blaring horns (including saxophones), shouted lyrics and boogie woogie beats in jazz-based music. This is because rock 'n' roll was the dominant form of popular music in the developed world during the second half of the 20th century. Some commentators have suggested a decline of rock and roll in the late 1950s and early 1960s. 4.4 out of 5 stars 91. This song was his last number one on the charts before his death. 1950's Music Decade Overview Left to Right: '50's rock n' roll pioneers The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley, Little Richard, and Jerry Lee Lewis. V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra, S. T. Erlewine, eds, Second Great Migration (African American), The Cambridge companion to blues and gospel music, "Morgan Wright's The Dawn of Rock 'n Roll", "Yes, Chuck Berry Invented Rock 'n' Roll -- and Singer-Songwriters. However, many claim that Chuck Berry is the real King of Rock & Roll, not Elvis Presley. Through a series of interesting personalities and promotions, rock 'n' roll was invented in Cleveland in the early 1950s. [110], This article is about the 1950s style of music. When Bill Haley and His Comets kicked off the 1955 motion picture Blackboard Jungle with “Rock Around the Clock,” teens in movie houses throughout the United States stomped on their seats. The migration of many former slaves and their descendants to major urban centers such as St. Louis, Memphis, New York City, Detroit, Chicago, Cle… History of Rock and Roll – How Did It Begin? [20] It was the realization that relatively affluent white teenagers were listening to this music that led to the development of what was to be defined as rock and roll as a distinct genre. This emerging rock-and-roll culture brought a wave of condemnations from religious leaders, government officials, and parents’ groups, who branded it the “devil’s music.”. While parents of the decade were listening to Frank Sinatra, Perry Como, and big bands, their children were moving to a new beat.. [73] Famously, Pat Boone recorded sanitized versions of songs recorded by the likes of Fats Domino, Little Richard, the Flamingos and Ivory Joe Hunter. Exceptions included the Platters, with songs including "The Great Pretender" (1955)[64] and the Coasters with humorous songs like "Yakety Yak" (1958),[65] both of which ranked among the most successful rock and roll acts of the era. 1961: Robert Johnson's King of Delta Blues Singers is released. [37] Contenders for the title of "first rock and roll record" include Sister Rosetta Tharpe's "Strange Things Happening Every Day" (1944),[38] "That's All Right" by Arthur Crudup (1946), "Move It On Over" by Hank Williams (1947), [39] The Fat Man" by Fats Domino (1949),[37] Goree Carter's "Rock Awhile" (1949),[40] Jimmy Preston's "Rock the Joint" (1949), which was later covered by Bill Haley & His Comets in 1952,[41] "Rocket 88" by Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats (Ike Turner and his band The Kings of Rhythm), recorded by Sam Phillips for Sun Records in March 1951. Two-beat bass- bassist plays the root of the chord on the first beat of a 4/4 measure and the fifth of the chord on the third beat of a measure. Later rockabilly acts, particularly performing songwriters like Buddy Holly, would be a major influence on British Invasion acts and particularly on the song writing of the Beatles and through them on the nature of later rock music. Rock and Roll was thought to be both the result and the cause of youthful rebellion against the nation's social problems at the time. The History of Rock & Roll is an American radio documentary on rock and roll music, originally syndicated in 1969. From Bill Haley to the Dominoes, historians still debate which song kick-started Rock n’ Roll. As a result of parents' complaints, the Rock and Roll industry was told to clean up its act and provide better role models for the youth of the time. [59] Three months earlier, on April 12, 1954, Bill Haley & His Comets recorded "Rock Around the Clock". [22][23] Radio stations that made white and black forms of music available to both groups, the development and spread of the gramophone record, and African-American musical styles such as jazz and swing which were taken up by white musicians, aided this process of "cultural collision". The 60’s are undeniably one of the most important eras in rock n’ roll history. Due to racial divide, Presley was hailed and marketed as the king of a genre that was in actuality birthed by Berry. Rolling Stone Rolling Stone Reporter. The following year, after the tequila sunrise fueled one of the most riotous rock ‘n roll tours in American history, it graced the lyrics of the Eagles’ 1973 hit single. 2004. [85] It shared a common language, had been exposed to American culture through the stationing of troops in the country, and shared many social developments, including the emergence of distinct youth sub-cultures, which in Britain included the Teddy Boys and the rockers. [4] While rock and roll's formative elements can be heard in blues records from the 1920s,[5] and in country records of the 1930s,[4] the genre did not acquire its name until 1954.[6][7]. History of Rock & Roll Resources Books. [16], In 1934, the song "Rock and Roll" by the Boswell Sisters appeared in the film Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round. [20] In the documentary film Hail! In Presley’s wake, the music of Black singers such as Fats Domino, Little Richard, Chuck Berry, and Bo Diddley, who might have been considered rhythm-and-blues artists only years before, fit alongside the rockabilly-flavoured tunes of white performers such as Buddy Holly, Eddie Cochran, and Jerry Lee Lewis, in part because they were all now addressing the same audience: teenagers. Universal Music Enterprises. If everything that came before laid the groundwork, "Rock Around the Clock" introduced the music to a global audience. By the end of the 1950s, Presley had been inducted into the army, Holly had died in a plane crash, and Little Richard had converted to gospel. By 1946, American servicemen began returning home to start up the families they had had to put on hold for 4 years. Rock 'n' roll was influenced by a Deep South black music genre called the blues. Omissions? [87] The skiffle craze, led by Lonnie Donegan, utilised amateurish versions of American folk songs and encouraged many of the subsequent generation of rock and roll, folk, R&B and beat musicians to start performing. by Caroline Keefe for MMC1702 Although the timeline ends in 1970, Rock and Roll would go on to prosper for decades to come, with it still alive and well in 2016. By the mid-1960s, rock and roll had developed into "the more encompassing international style known as rock music, though the latter also continued to be known as rock and roll. [79][80] By 1959, the deaths of Buddy Holly, The Big Bopper and Ritchie Valens in a plane crash (February 1959), the departure of Elvis for service in the United States Army (March 1958), the retirement of Little Richard to become a preacher (October 1957), the scandal surrounding Jerry Lee Lewis' marriage to his thirteen-year-old cousin (May 1958), the arrest of Chuck Berry (December 1959), and the breaking of the Payola scandal implicating major figures, including Alan Freed, in bribery and corruption in promoting individual acts or songs (November 1959), gave a sense that the initial phase of rock and roll had come to an end. [12] Many observers saw rock and roll as heralding the way for desegregation, in creating a new form of music that encouraged racial cooperation and shared experience. It is danced by both couples and groups, either all-female or four to eight couples together. Rock and roll records were banned from many radio stations and hundreds of schools. Now more an attitude than a mere musical style, rock shows no signs of slowing down in the 21st century. [50] Also in 1955, Bo Diddley introduced the "Bo Diddley beat" and a unique electric guitar style,[51] influenced by African and Afro-Cuban music and in turn influencing many later artists.[52][53][54]. 00 to rent $21.99 to buy. During and immediately after World War II, with shortages of fuel and limitations on audiences and available personnel, large jazz bands were less economical and tended to be replaced by smaller combos, using guitars, bass and drums. [92] Other leading acts included Billy Fury, Joe Brown, and Johnny Kidd & the Pirates, whose 1960 hit song "Shakin' All Over" became a rock and roll standard. [100] Rock and roll appeared at a time when racial tensions in the United States were entering a new phase, with the beginnings of the civil rights movement for desegregation, leading to the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that abolished the policy of "separate but equal" in 1954, but leaving a policy which would be extremely difficult to enforce in parts of the United States. Kindle $5.99 $ 5. Rock N Roll was at its heyday in the 1950’s and its manifestation then can be traced back to the influences of the 30’s/40’s. [72] The most notable trend, however, was white pop covers of black R&B numbers. by Ed Ward | Nov 19, 2019. According to journalist Greg Kot, "rock and roll" refers to a style of popular music originating in the U.S. in the 1950s. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Had it not been for that decade, some of the world’s most iconic groups such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Yardbirds, and The Beach Boys may not be the household names they are today. Yet his early recordings with producer Sam Phillips, guitarist Scotty Moore, and bassist Bill Black for in Memphis were less about any one style than about a feeling. For decades African Americans had used the term rock and roll as a euphemism for sex, and Presley’s music oozed sexuality. Rock ‘n’ Roll Fantasy features previously unseen photos and rare, collectable memorabilia from the late-sixties British blues boom to the present day. The World's Hardest Music Trivia: Rock n Roll History, Fun Facts and Behind the Scenes Stories About the Groups and Songs You Thought You Knew. Songwriting credits were often unreliable; many publishers, record executives, and even managers (both white and black) would insert their name as a composer in order to collect royalty checks. Rock and roll, also called rock ’n’ roll or rock & roll, style of popular music that originated in the United States in the mid-1950s and that evolved by the mid-1960s into the more encompassing international style known as rock music, though the latter also continued to be known as rock and roll. "Rock Around the Clock" was a breakthrough for both the group and for all of rock and roll music. Before we could say what the first true rock and roll record is, first we have to determine what makes a record rock and roll song: dominant guitars with blues elements, raw emotions, rhythm, overtones of rebellion and distorted guitars. [9], Rock and roll had a polarizing influence on lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon . An awakening began to take place in American youth culture. [citation needed], The initial response of the British music industry was to attempt to produce copies of American records, recorded with session musicians and often fronted by teen idols. The rock ‘n’ roll style from this period was all wide legged suits in bold plaids or bright colours with contrast lapels and bow ties. The early and mid-’50s saw the development of “Top 40” programming dependent on hit music and the personality of the local disc jockey, or deejay. Rock and roll is a form of rock music developed in the 1950s and 1960s. RocknRoll History provides stories about artists, bands, genres, covers, recordings - in fact, all aspects of rock'n'roll from its roots to mid-1970s punk. [11] Classic rock and roll is usually played with one or two electric guitars (one lead, one rhythm) and a double bass (string bass). Christ-Janer, Albert, Charles W. Hughes, and Carleton Sprague Smith. History of Rock and Roll. You may be familiar with Elvis Presley and Buddy Holly, but how familiar are you with the first rock opera? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Berkeley in the Sixties (1990) Ever wonder what the phrase "the '60s" really means? Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. History of Rock ‘N’ Roll. By the mid-1960s this sophistication allowed the music greater freedom than ever before, and it fragmented into numerous styles that became known simply as rock. Rock & Roll music is born in the 1950's from a fusion of electric blues, country and gospel music. Rock 'n' roll, one of the most loved genres in the history of music, began in the 1950s. [95] Groups that followed the Beatles included the beat-influenced Freddie and the Dreamers, Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders, Herman's Hermits and the Dave Clark Five. "Rockabilly" usually (but not exclusively) refers to the type of rock and roll music which was played and recorded in the mid-1950s primarily by white singers such as Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, and Jerry Lee Lewis, who drew mainly on the country roots of the music. When Elvis appeared on TV's The Ed Sullivan Show, the show's ratings soared. Rock and roll’s golden era had ended, and the music entered a transitional phase characterized by a more sophisticated approach: the orchestrated wall of sound erected by Phil Spector, the “hit factory” singles churned out by Motown records, and the harmony-rich surf fantasies of the Beach Boys. Rock and roll may have contributed to the civil rights movement because both African American and White American teenagers enjoyed the music. Chronicling the history of rock and roll without tracing its origins would be meaningless. Presley was hardly the only artist who embodied this attitude, but he was clearly a catalyst in the merger of Black and white culture into something far bigger and more complex than both. Elvis Presley, the King of Rock 'n' Roll, sold more than 1 billion records, made 33 movies, and left a lasting imprint as a cultural icon. [85] More grassroots British rock and rollers soon began to appear, including Wee Willie Harris and Tommy Steele. The origins of rock and roll have been fiercely debated by commentators and historians of music. Introduction to Rock and Roll by the Decades. For example, Bill Haley's incompletely bowdlerized cover of "Shake, Rattle and Roll" transformed Big Joe Turner's humorous and racy tale of adult love into an energetic teen dance number,[66][75] while Georgia Gibbs replaced Etta James's tough, sarcastic vocal in "Roll With Me, Henry" (covered as "Dance With Me, Henry") with a perkier vocal more appropriate for an audience unfamiliar with the song to which James's song was an answer, Hank Ballard's "Work With Me, Annie". [58] His song "Guitar Rock" is considered as classic rockabilly. These instruments were generally replaced or supplemented by guitar in the middle to late 1950s. Street, eds, "Rock and Roll Pilgrims: Reflections on Ritual, Religiosity, and Race at. Hardcover $20.00 $ 20. Hail! [26][27][28], In the 1930s, jazz, and particularly swing, both in urban-based dance bands and blues-influenced country swing (Jimmie Rodgers, Moon Mullican and other similar singers), were among the first music to present African-American sounds for a predominantly white audience. [21] The migration of many former slaves and their descendants to major urban centers such as St. Louis, Memphis, New York City, Detroit, Chicago, Cleveland, and Buffalo (See: Second Great Migration (African American)) meant that black and white residents were living in close proximity in larger numbers than ever before, and as a result heard each other's music and even began to emulate each other's fashions. This history includes facts about birthdays, deaths, interesting tidbits, rock n' rolll history, [60], In 1956, the arrival of rockabilly was underlined by the success of songs like "Folsom Prison Blues" by Johnny Cash, "Blue Suede Shoes" by Perkins and the No. get custom paper. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. The History of Rock & Roll, Volume 2: 1964–1977: The Beatles, the Stones, and the Rise of Classic Rock. In 1951 Alan Freed, a DJ from Cleveland, coined the term Rock ‘n’ Roll. Other options New and used from $8.14. [99], In the crossover of African-American "race music" to a growing white youth audience, the popularization of rock and roll involved both black performers reaching a white audience and white musicians performing African-American music. The fifties decade in rock music: the hit songs, albums, 50's vintage photos, key events, rock bands and solo artists in 1950's rock and roll history. Go get some popcorn, and a lot of it. About Podcast Dr Joe Burns hosts an insightful and energetic showcase of the music, history and culture of rock-n-roll. The cover versions were not necessarily straightforward imitations. $5.00 coupon applied at checkout Save $5.00 with coupon.