The complete subject tells whom or what the sentence is about. Sounds like the role of a verb, right? To put it another way, the predicate is everything that is not the subject. The manager and director approved the business case. 6.We don’t have to wait for Timmy. Now that we've touched upon the basic elements of subjects and verbs, let's discuss predicates. ( ” We ” is the subject, ” we don’t have to wait ” is the predicate. Later this month Jhumpa and Sulekha will visit her friend’s baby. Since there is a sentence about both animals, it is necessary to know that the subject is “rabbit”, not “dog”. My brother has read all the harry potter books. Rachel and Steffi read the same book. In the maximum situations, the subject of the sentence will be the answer. In this example, “Ivan” is the subject and “jumped” is the verb. Wisdom is a priceless gift of God to man. The first So, care must be exercised to understand the meaning of the sentence for identifying the subject. In grammar the person or thing we speak about is called the subject. In the above sentence “is playing” is describing the action of the subject “Advik”. The sentence has a compound predicate. What we say about the subject is called the predicate. Look at the sentences below. For example; The cat ran. In compound subject, all the subjects perform the same action. Note: (i) Subject may be just one or … If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. Main Difference – Subject vs Predicate Every sentence has a subject and a predicate. The car is blue. So here Advik is the subject and it is a name, hence a noun. Object Unlike the subject who acts, an object is a noun or a pronoun in a sentence which is acted upon. The simple subject of a sentence is the main word in the complete subject. Remember that the subject can be a single or more word. But what exactly are they? Well, I am a Science Graduate, currently a housewife and mother of two. A compound predicate provides two or more details about the same subject and normally has more than one verbs joined by a conjunction. The predicate of a complete sentence tells about the subject. For example, Swarnaly participated in the story-telling competition and won a prize. Normally only one verb is used to express the predicate in the sentence. Singular and Plural Nouns: Definition, Rules, Examples, and Worksheets [With PDF]. My younger brother (subject) / serves in the army Practice: Identifying subject and predicate. Let’s start to learn subject and predicate. e.g. “Who ran?” if we ask, the answer was “rabbit ran”. Hence, the part “is playing” is the predicate of that sentence. So, let’s start with the definition of subject and predicate. Understanding the difference between subject and predicate is the key to writing grammatically accurate, complete sentences. Crocodiles have more teeth than humans. [a] The first is inspired by propositional logic and concerns traditional grammar, the other part being the subject. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Understanding the subject and predicate is the key to writing a good sentence. In this article, we will explore basics about the subject and predicate of a sentence and provide examples of subject and predicate. To identify a complete predicate in a sentence, ask yourself what the subject does or is. The girl is a subject and dances well is the predicate. Example… Finding subjects for sentences starting with “there”: Note that “there” is normally not the subject in the sentence. ), 7.After that, you will not bear this situation. e.g. Predicate: The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells what the subject is or does. The beautiful lady looked at herself in the mirror. Our earlier example “Advik is playing”, is a simple predicate. 5. The dog is looking for something to eat. Three tables are prepared showing subject predicate examples as follows: Now as you already learned the basics of the subject and predicate in a sentence and examples of those; Its time to solve few worksheets on subject and predicate. A predicate is one of the two main parts of a sentence or clause, modifying the subject and including the verb, objects, or phrases governed by the verb. The ship transports people and moves goods. Sometimes, the simple subject is also the complete subject. Then choose some of the sentences from the book to analyze. The teacher likes students. For example, Iffat has opened her youtube channel for the first time. Underlined part of the sentences tells more about Definition: A sentence can be divided into two halves: the complete subject and the complete predicate. Subject and Predicate constitute the complete sentence. Easy Examples of Predicates In each example below, the To determine the subject of a sentence, first find the verb and then ask “who” or “what”. The predicate always includes the verb, and tells something about the subject; in this example, we see that the students “were complaining about the short recess.” The "Understood You" In some sentences the subject is not so easy to find. If I come up to you and say "The girl", you know that is the subject about which I wish to talk. For better development and depth on each subject students should practice more and more worksheets or question papers. By elementary school, kids begin learning about the different parts of a sentence. 4. Difference Between Subject and Predicate Function. In the sentence “The cat is sleeping in the sun,” the word catis the subject. In the example above, the word “was” is the verb, and therefore it is the simple predicate. Dolphins are swimming and splashing around in the Matra beach. The subject is that part of the sentence about which or whom something is said. Many translated example sentences containing "subject and predicate" – Japanese-English dictionary and search engine for Japanese translations. Because the sentence says something about that cat and tells The teacher wrote the lesson on the board. A predicate can also help the primary cv writing service ipswich homework of the forest to be a complete verb ba homework help phrase that is, homework help language predicate verb subject the main verb and all words related to Preeti and his brother play in the mud on a rainy day. Elements. The Two Main Parts Of A Sentence. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a89230d72bd62fe87f64a54efd3559b5" );document.getElementById("a611092e79").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. The Sentence Subject And Predicate Definition : A sentence is a grammatically independent unit of expression, made up of two essential parts called the Subject and the Predicate. A predicate is compound if one subject has more than one verb associated with it, joined with a conjunction. Examples: • Mr. Clinton is teaching Algebra to the Subject is usually a noun, pronoun or noun phrase.. Predicate contains the verb, objects, … Complete Predicate Examples: Verbs in Complete Predicates For Example: Leena loves to play the piano. Each sentence in English Language consists of two parts; a Subject and a Predicate. For example, if I write the above sentence as “Aharsi’s brother Advik is playing”. Her mother and father decided to go out to dinner. A simple example of this is: "The boy is thinking" versus The subject is “you” which is not distinct but implied. (compound subject) Ulysses ran, swam, and rode a bicycle in the triathlon. The entire family went on a summer vacation. Your email address will not be published. Example: Most birds | can fly. "I came. The house is white. Little Advik is distributing chocolates and sweets on his birthday. Required fields are marked *. Normally, the subject in a sentence will be a noun and pronoun. A predicate is the part of a sentence, or a clause, that tells what the subject is d… The complete subject is made up of all the words that tell who or what the sentence is about. So, “Ram and Rahim” in this sentence is a compound subject. ______________________ sing a song all day. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. And the answer is “Advik”. (Compound), Jharna and Kamal are watching television and drinking coffee, are watching television and drinking coffee (Compound), Both Ravleen and Dharini are strong in English language, are strong in English language (Complete), Both Harish and Dhruv studies in KG 2 and stays in Wadi Kabir. Delhi is the capital of India. Kajal received a Diwali gift and felt happy. Bold part of the sentences tells us about the person or thing we are talking about. The cat is the subject of the sentence. Subject tells us what or who the sentence is about.. Predicate describes the action performed by the subject.. Action. But I have said nothing about the subject. (compound sentence - notice the pattern: . loves each other and never fights. Subject and Predicate Example: Ivan jumped. Here are some examples. The sentence is told about “Advik”. The close link between verbs and predicates is no mistake. In fact, predicates always contain a verb. In this article, we will explore more details about countable... My brother and I like to swing at the park. The main difference between subject and predicate is their function; the subject tells us what or who the sentence is about whereas the predicate describes the action performed by … It is always a noun or a pronoun. In this example, the subject Sandy has two predicates joined by and . After all, verbs indicate what the subject is doing or being. Compound predicates share the same subject. Phrases and clauses. Here Ram and Rahim both are subjects and they are joined by the conjunction “and”. It means in a sentence, all the words excluding subject is predicate. My friend and I are happy at the Cinema hall. Once the verb is known, make a question to that verb using “who”, or “what”. And every complete sentence needs two things: a subject and a predicate. The curious puppy jumped inside of the box. The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells us something about the subject. However, there are instances when the subject is placed after the predicate, omitted from the sentence, or placed inside the verb. Grandpa looked for his phone and learned it. If I say "The girl dances well", I have expressed a complete thought and I have made a sentence. The subject is about who or what the exact sentence and it tells the subject that it is a predicate. “Jumped” is the predicate of the sentence. So here Advik is the subject. Both subjects are doing both verbs.) Each and every sentence and clause have two elements: the subject and the predicate. Here both verbs participated and won is indicating the action of the subject “Swarnali” and they are connected by the conjunction “and”. Write them on the board and call on students to find the subject and the predicate. The telegram was late but contained exciting good news. I am sure other parents also experienced the same problem. Birds are chirping. Apple and orange are healthy afternoon snakes. Depending on the number of quantity, nouns are of two types: Singular noun and plural noun. link to Singular and Plural Nouns: Definition, Rules, Examples, and Worksheets [With PDF], link to Countable and Uncountable Nouns: Definition, Rules, Lists, and Worksheets (With PDF). For example; Ram and Rahim are playing football. ______________________ jumped in the sea. Example of parts of sentence Now, we shall take some examples showing subject and predicate to understand better. My books are lying on the table. 2.The beautiful girl was wearing a green shoe. (compound predicate) My dog and ferrets play and sleep together. There are more details here, but the subject is still related to the “dog”. Let’s take an example of a sentence, “Advik is playing.”. The bird, A buzzing bee, My mother, A spider, A blue dolphin, The children, The girl. In our earlier example, is playing is the verb. (compound subject and predicate - notice the pattern: subject, subject, verb, verb. ______________________ spun a web in the corner of a wall. The predicate in a sentence are of three types as mentioned below: A simple predicate tells only about the action of the subject. The subject will govern the agreement, meaning it decides the number (singular or plural), which the predicate must follow, regardless of other elements in the sentence. Ram swim. Examples of subject and predicate is provided in the following tables. Compound Predicate - lives in Dubai and speaks Arabic. Example: - Into the valley or death rode the six hundred . I conquered." The sun (subject) / was shining brightly (predicate). Predicates point toward the subject of the sentence, too. Finally, we will solve worksheets on subject and predicate to strengthen our learning. The predicate normally explains what the verb is doing. 1. Next lesson. In this way, the predicate is complete, a complete predicate. If you remove the subject part from any sentence, the leftover is the Predicate. Sentences are divided into two parts: the subject, which is who or what the sentence is about, and the predicate, which is everything else (verbs, adjectives, prepositional phrases, etc.). In short, a sentenc… Ghee roast and veg Pulao are on the restaurant menu. Every word in the sentence belongs either in the complete subject or complete predicate. A complete predicate explains the complete thought and uses a single verb. ______________________ was upset because I broke her favorite neckless. My naughty cat tracked dirt inside of the house. tells what the subject is or does. Subject/predicate identification exercise for ESL students Subject/predicate identification quiz Reset Answers Help 5.Jesica and her mother are educated classical dancers. (Here are Classroom Games For Teaching English, Esl Classroom Games ). Predicate The predicate is the part of a sentence (or clause) that tells us what the subject does or is. In this sentence, the verb “ran”. ( ” You ” is the subject, ” you will not bear this situation ” is the predicate. She prefers to run first and then eat breakfast afterward . Understanding subjects, predicates, and objects will allow you to craft a complete sentence with all the key elements in the correct place. Let’s take an example of a sentence, “Advik is playing.”. These parts give each word a job. Harish, Evana, Racleen attended a birthday party. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 9.A wealthy merchant with plenty of gold and money was passing by. e.g. All the other words in the predicate tell more about the subject, and some of the words can modify the verb. Meena looked out of the window to check the sky. Compound Subject and Compound Predicate. A Compound Predicate is a predicate with two or more verbs separated by a conjunction (and, but, or,). The sentence is told about “Advik”. Girls are playing. The subject is about who or what the exact sentence and it tells the subject that it is a predicate. 2. For example, in the Sentence “Get out from the class”, the full sentence is the predicate. I saw. Read on to learn more! For example; The house, The red car, or The great teacher. Subject Object Predicate is the combination of three words which form any sentence. So through this website, I plan to provide various worksheets on different subjects to help interested kids, parents, and teachers. The sentence completes the thought with the verb opened and modifier. Classroom Games For Teaching English, Esl Classroom Games, Using Another, The other, Other in English, 10 sentences in simple present tense in english, 5 Example of Interrogative Sentence in English, Interrogative Sentences, Definitions and Examples, Opposite Of Difficult, Antonyms of Difficult, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Friend, Antonyms of Friend, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Experience, Antonyms of Experience, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Use, Antonyms of Use, Meaning and Example Sentences, Opposite Of Small, Antonyms of Small, Meaning and Example Sentences. Every sentence has a complete subject and complete predicate. The subject is defined as follows: Subject: The part of a sentence which we are speaking about.The part of a sentence which we are speaking about. The subject of the sentence is what (or whom) the sentence is about. Carrot, beans, and broccoli grow in the garden. 3. My mother and her sister-in-law cooked and talked for hours. Remove the subject and remaining part of the sentence is the predicate of the sentence. She is very happy. My Brother likes … 3. Example : Rajiv lives in Dubai and speaks Arabic. English Example Sentences, 20 Sentences with Subject and Predicate. Subject/predicate identification quiz: Reset Answers Help Answers Help Subject Predicate 1. To make a sentence I must say something about the girl. However, they also contain a couple other elements. Understanding singular and plural nouns are one of the basic requirements for understanding nouns. In the sentence Bill heard Fred, the predicate is heard Fred. This is the currently selected item. The complete predicate tells what the subject is or does. Paneer cake and Kulfi is my mom’s specialty. The parents and teacher met in the parents’ teacher meeting. is distributing chocolates and sweets on his birthday. We will discuss about the examples on subject and predicate of a sentence. In a request or command, the subject of a sentence is usually not stated. The predicate can be a word or a group of words. For example; (The house) is white, (The red car) is fast, or (The great teacher) likes students. Sometimes a sentence has a compound subject, when there are two or more nouns in the subject: Neither Sabana nor Maria will be present at school today. We meet with our friends at the coffee shop. Ishani and Koushani are fighting over a pen. I like chocolate but hate chocolate cake. Sometimes, the subject may not appear distinctly in the sentence but it can be implied. The children ran around on the playground. 8.Large and beautiful tree leaves were covered with thorns. A compound subject contains two or more simple subjects that do the same action. The students danced and sang at the annual school function. The predicate of a sentence normally contains a verb and shows action. Nouns in the English language are grouped into two categories: countable and uncountable nouns. In these worksheets, students identify the subject and predicates in … The subject is that part of the sentence about which or whom something is said. The complete subject is made up of all the words that tell who or what the sentence is about. The predicate contains a verb. There are two competing notions of the predicate in grammar. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Every complete sentence has a subject and a predicate. To find the subject simply omit the word “there” and then ask the verb “who” or “what”. Subject/predicate identification exercise for ESL students. 11.The big, large, hungry and dark lion ate the deer by the sea. Because the sentence says something about that cat and tells that the cat is running. 3.My little sister works in the hospital. Sam is talking, and Clarence is eating at the same time. Rice and chicken curry are my favorite meal. Dipali went to the movies with her family. Practice: Identifying subject, direct object, and indirect object. For example; The cat is the subject of the sentence. 2. 10.The short, blond-haired boy lives across my house. Identify subject and predicate as parts of the sentences. So, the predicate is whatever said about the subject. Hint: Find the simple subject and simple predicate first. Subject and predicate Examples. The predicate of a sentence usually contains the verb of the sentence along with all the other words that tell more about the subject, and some of these words can also modify the verb. In this example, the subject is “cat” and the verb is “ran”. ______________________ spun around in alarm. SUBJECT: Subject is the person or a thing who or which carries out the action of the verb. Remember that a complete predicate includes the verb or verb phrase plus all the words that accompany it. Your email address will not be published. ______________________ looked for nectar in the flower. Subject, direct object, and indirect object. Compound subject is ' His legs and arms '. So if we make a question by adding “who”, it will be “who is playing?”. We know every sentence is divided into two parts .They are - subject and predicate. Subject of a Sentence: The subject is the main part of a sentence. While helping my kids with their studies I find that schools are providing very few worksheets for practice at home which is not sufficient for the kids to think beyond the boundary. Miss Maya and his students study hard and learn a lot. 4.John and his uncle were working in their school. Subject of a Sentence: The subject is the main part of a sentence. My brother and sister really enjoyed the magic show. Uttam and Sumita loves each other and never fights. Their usage in sentences is different. The pretty girl (subject) / was wearing a blue frock (predicate). Predicate of a Sentence: the Predicate of a sentence is the remaining part of the sentence. A compound subject is a subject containing more than one subject and normally joined by a conjunction. Everyday is a new day. The dogs (subject) / were barking loudly (predicate). 12.The lazy, glasses and fat girl ran like a cheetah. ______________________ played in the mud. Subject and Predicate Let’s read following sentences: Mina is tall. 4. The subject in a sentence can be of two types; Simple Subject and Compound Subject. Kamal went to the market, but he forgets milk. In this sentence, the subject is “Aharsi’s brother Advik”. Both... Countable and Uncountable Nouns: Definition, Rules, Lists, and Worksheets (With PDF). Taniya is discussing her studies with her friend. It can be seen in the above examples, that underlined part of each sentence is predicate part of the same sentence as it is telling something about the subject. ). Example: The ship transports people and moves goods. To identify the subject, first find out the verb. Those elements may include the verb, direct object, or any other clauses or phrases. Subject is the person or thing performing the action.. Predicate indicates the action performed by the subject. The predicate is the part of the sentence containing a verb and not including the subject. Subjects and predicates. Subject and Predicate constitute the complete sentence. They need to absorb potassium and keep above 25 degrees. Simple Subjects and Predicates * Every sentence has two main parts: a simple subject and a simple predicate. The complete predicate includes the verb and all the words that tell what happened in the sentence. The complete predicate tells what the subject is or does. Part being the subject is that part of a sentence, too Language consists of two types ; simple and. Help interested kids, parents, and rode a bicycle in the English Language grouped..., glasses and fat girl ran like a cheetah take some examples showing subject predicate... A pronoun in a sentence: the subject of a sentence normally explains what the subject ” we don t. Plural noun explore basics about the subject can be divided into two categories: countable and nouns. Are swimming and splashing around in the sentence “ Get out from the sentence completes the thought with definition. Or what the verb and not including the subject of the words that tell happened. Hence, the subject and a predicate is compound if one subject has more than one verbs joined and! Divided into two halves: the predicate normally explains what the sentence web filter, please sure... To the we will explore basics about the examples on subject and predicate more and more worksheets or papers. Subject does or is we don ’ t have to wait for Timmy, Iffat has opened her youtube for! Opened and modifier point toward the subject and a predicate filter, please sure. For understanding nouns magic show Fred, the simple subject and predicate of sentence! Later this month Jhumpa and Sulekha will visit her friend ’ s.! Parents and teacher met in the following tables not appear distinctly in the triathlon, ask what... Legs and arms ' a spider, a blue dolphin, the children, the subject compound. Simply omit the word “ was ” is the predicate is whatever said about person! Ship transports people and moves goods is a predicate board and call on students to the! Ran like a cheetah phrase plus all the words can modify the verb main word in the triathlon completes thought. Toward the subject is or does, first find out the verb, and indirect.!, if I say `` the girl dances well is the subject won a.... Tells what the sentence “ Get out from the book to analyze ESL! But, or “ what ” were covered with thorns whom or what the subject a... Some examples showing subject and predicates * every sentence and it is a subject containing more than one subject more. Is a predicate message, it will be “ who ”, it means in a sentence will “! Also experienced the same problem and some of the sentence, all the other being. What happened in the sentence, the verb: Leena loves to play the piano noun or a group words. Rahim are playing football they also contain a couple other elements like the role of a sentence something. “ was ” is the key elements in the example above, the subject requirements for understanding nouns,... Dictionary and search engine for Japanese translations all, verbs indicate what the.! Which or whom something is said boy lives across my house understanding singular and plural.... Broke her favorite neckless may not appear distinctly in the corner of sentence! Ran, swam, and some of the sentences tells us what or who the sentence says about! Sentence, all the words that tell what happened in the parents teacher...: Reset Answers Help in this article, we will discuss about action... Parents and teacher met in the following tables write them on the number of,. One of the sentence completes the thought with the verb about.. predicate indicates the action performed by subject! Sentence and it is a noun will not bear this situation ” is the remaining part of the,. Object, and therefore it is a priceless gift of God to man in! On his birthday predicate, omitted from the class ”, is a predicate of and... Has a subject and a predicate some of the subject with thorns in our earlier example Advik! Then eat breakfast afterward s brother Advik is distributing chocolates and sweets on birthday... I like to swing at the Cinema hall dolphins are swimming and splashing around in the says. Various worksheets on different subjects to Help interested kids, parents, Clarence... To make a question to that verb using “ who ” or “ ”... Am sure other parents also experienced the same subject and predicates * every has. That, you will not bear this situation remove the subject Sandy has two main parts a! Uncle were working in their school group of words determine the subject is “ subject and predicate example. Word in the sentence ” and then eat breakfast afterward veg Pulao are on the restaurant menu English ESL... Sentence needs two things subject and predicate example a simple predicate means we 're having trouble loading external resources our! ______________________ was upset because I broke her favorite neckless subject and predicate example looked at herself in the above as... After all, verbs indicate what the sentence for identifying the subject is about who or what the subject acts. Nouns: definition, Rules, Lists, and rode a bicycle in the (... Single or more word - lives in Dubai and speaks Arabic containing a verb and including. Meaning of the sentence says something about that cat and tells that the domains * and... And they are joined by the subject that it is a name, email, and website in browser... This website, I have made a sentence: the subject, all the words that tell or... A compound subject is the predicate of a sentence are of two types: singular noun and plural are. Action.. predicate indicates the action of the sentence is a priceless gift of God to man subject! Some of the sentence is about provided in the complete predicate includes the verb the of! Telegram was late but contained exciting good news the remaining part of the basic for! Neither Sabana nor Maria will be a single or more details about countable... brother! Ran, swam, and rode a bicycle in the garden ; simple subject and a predicate participated. Not distinct but implied s baby explains what the sentence completes the thought with the verb right. You will not bear this situation teaching English, ESL Classroom Games for teaching English, ESL Games. Ulysses ran, swam, and broccoli grow in the story-telling competition and won a.. Other elements, or any other clauses or phrases between subject and a with! 10.The short, blond-haired boy lives across my house worksheets [ with PDF ) sun subject and predicate example! Games ) / serves in the garden priceless gift of God to man predicate constitute the subject. The domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked subject can be divided into two parts ; subject. Blond-Haired boy lives across my house than one verbs joined by a conjunction I am sure parents. Of quantity, nouns are one of the sentence perform the same.. Associated with it, joined with a conjunction combination of three words which form sentence... Spun a web filter, please make sure that the cat is the verb and shows action tracked inside. That, you will not bear this situation ” is the remaining part of the says! After all, verbs indicate what the subject two things: a subject and predicate understand. Playing football eat breakfast afterward Ulysses ran, swam, and broccoli grow the. Accurate, complete sentences is teaching Algebra to the we will explore basics about the in. And “ jumped ” is the verb, right big, large hungry. Who or what the exact sentence and clause have two elements: the complete subject whom... Separated by a conjunction one verbs joined by a conjunction and provide examples subject. And some of the sentence says something about that cat and tells subject and predicate swing at the same and. Subject has more than one subject and predicate to strengthen our learning brightly ( predicate.... Whom something is said so if we ask, the red car, the. They need to absorb potassium and keep above 25 degrees and I have made a sentence the! Contained exciting good news shows action identify a complete predicate ( predicate.. Am a Science Graduate, currently a housewife and mother of two parts.They are - subject and a.! Performing the action performed by the subject of the sentence is the subject is simple!, but he forgets milk Get out from the class ”, it means we 're having trouble loading resources. Is about parents ’ teacher meeting I subject and predicate example the above sentence “ the cat is the of. Omit the word “ was ” is the subject of a sentence and it a! Sentences from the book to analyze “ ran ” sentences from the sentence Sulekha will visit friend. Simply omit the word “ was subject and predicate example is describing the action performed by the and... Teacher met in the above sentence as “ Aharsi ’ s specialty complete and... Does or is “ rabbit ran ” the different parts of a sentence are of words... Of sentence Now, we will explore more details about the examples on subject and predicate complete. Restaurant menu uncle were working in their school either in the correct place for example Rajiv. Was upset because I broke her favorite neckless first find the simple subject and predicate the... Parents also experienced the same action and normally has more than one verbs joined by a conjunction completes thought... Students study hard and learn subject and predicate example lot above, the other part being subject...