Destaca su tratado de zoología Historia animalium, considerada el punto de partida de la Zoología moderna. He even attempted to establish a "universal library" of all books in existence. This was a revision of an original work by the Italian cleric, Varinus Phavorinus or Guarino of Favera (d. 1537), Magnum ac perutile dictionarium (1523). A Historia animalium foi a obra mestra de Gessner, e foi a máis lida de todas as historias naturais do Renacemento. Gessner’s associations with a vast array of European scholars proved invaluable during the compilation of the work. New York: Garland Publishing. This was the first attempt by anyone to describe many animals accurately. Although the title indicated that twenty one parts were intended, only nineteen books were included. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. [42][12] His early life was one of poverty and hardship,[3] but Gessner's father realized his talents, and sent him to live with and be schooled by a great uncle, who grew and collected medicinal herbs for a living. Dezember 1565 ebenda; oder Conrad Gesner, auch: Konrad Gessner, Konrad Geßner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, latinisiert Conradus Gesnerus, gräzisiert Thrasyboulos Gessneros[2]) war ein Schweizer Arzt, Naturforscher, Altphilologe, Humanist, Polyhistor und Enzyklopädist. He was frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the tulip in 1559. You can set your cookie preferences using the toggles below. Conrad Gessner was born on 26 March 1516, in Zürich, Switzerland, the son of Ursus Gessner, a poor Zürich furrier. [36] He listed among his History of Animals sources more than 80 Greek authors and at least 175 Latin authors, as well as works by German, French, and Italian authors. [3][8] Over his lifetime he was able to produce some 70 publications on many different subjects. After three years of teaching at Lausanne, Gessner was able to travel to the medical school at the University of Montpellier, where he received his doctoral degree (1541) from Basel. Das ist eine kurtze beschreybung aller vierfüssigen Thieren (.) A fifth folio on snakes was issued in 1587. The woodcuts for the work were undertaken by Hans Asper, Johann Thomas, and Lukas Schrön. Conrad Gesner (* 26. marec 1516, Zürich, Švajčiarsko – † 13. december 1565, Zürich) (známy aj ako: Konrad Gessner, Konrad Geßner, Conrad Gessner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) bol švajčiarsky lekár, prírodovedec, bibliofil, botanik, lekárnik a klasický filológ.. Patril k najznámejším a najvýznamnejším švajčiarskym prírodovedcom - polyhistorom. Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator. Amongst his students was Felix Plater, who became a professor of medicine, and accumulated many plant specimens, but also illustrations of animals used in Historiae animalium. Johann Conrad Gessner.Naturalista y médico suizo. Conrad Gessner o en diferentes idiomas Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus y Conrado Gesnero. Renaissance. The book unlike many works of its time was illustrated with hand-colored woodcuts drawn from personal observations by Gessner and his colleagues.[32]. You can update your preferences, withdraw your consent at any time, and see a detailed description of the types of cookies we and our partners use in our Cookie Policy. [25][4], A number of other works appeared after his death (posthumously), some long after (see Posthumous works). Su Historia Animalium en cuatro volúmenes (1551-1558) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna. The woodcuts for By assembling this universal library of information, Gessner put together a database centuries before computers would ease such work. The scale and scientific rigour of these were unusual for the time, and Gessner was a skilled artist, producing detailed drawings of specific plant parts that illustrated their characteristics, with extensive marginal notation discussing their growth form and habitation. There he studied classical languages, appearing as Penia (Poverty) in Aristophanes' Plutus, at the age of 15. He also produced edited works of a number of classical authors (see Edited works), including Claudius Aelianus (1556)[24]} and Marcus Aurelius (1559). Estableció la primera clasificación de las plantas en función de las flores y los frutos, describió numerosos animales y elaboró una relación de medicamentos. GESNER, Conrad (1516-1565). Johann Conrad Gessner, Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner o Conradus Gesnerus (26 de marzo de 1516-13 de diciembre de 1565) fue un naturalista y bibliógrafo suizo (no confundir con Johannes Gessner, 1709-1790). Although he died prior to its completion, his work was utilised by many other authors over the next two centuries, but was finally published in 1754. For Gessner’s Historia animalium, I have particularly benefitted from the insights in Laurent Pinon, ‘Conrad Gessner and the Historical Depth of. His work on plants was not published until centuries after his death. although he died prior to its publication his materials were utilised by many subsequent authors for the next two hundred years, these included some 1,500 engravings of plants and their important flowers and seeds, most of which were original. Su Historia Animalium en cuatro volúmenes (1551-1558) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna. durch Rudolf Heußlin mit fleyß in das Teutsch gebracht. According to legend, when he knew his time was near, he asked to be taken to his library where he had spent so much of his life, to die among his favorite books. In Historia animalium Gessner combines data from old sources, such as the Old Testament, Aristotle, Pliny, folklore, and medieval bestiaries, adding his own observations. [33], In 1576 George Baker published a translation of the Evonymus of Conrad Gessner under the title of The Newe Jewell of Health, wherein is contained the most excellent Secretes of Physicke and Philosophie divided into fower bookes. Encyclopedia of the Scientific Revolution: From Copernicus to Newton. It built a bridge between ancient, medieval and modern science. This book was considered to be the first modern zoological work. He cut relevant passages out of books, grouped the cuttings by general theme, subdivided the groups into more specific categories, and boxed them. Here he had leisure to devote himself to scientific studies, especially botany, and earn money to further his medical studies. A fifth folio on snakes was issued in 1587. Although primarily for purposes of botanical collection, he also extolled mountain climbing for the sake of exercise and enjoyment of the beauties of nature. Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator. Conrad Gesner (1516-1565) - Thierbuch - 1563/1563 Description Conrad Gesner (1516-1565) ... Conrad Gessner (Latin: Conradus Gesnerus) 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. Gessner first attended the Carolinum in Zürich, then later entered the Fraumünster seminary. This book was considered to be the first modern zoological work. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet Gesner. [22][4], There was extreme religious tension at the time that Historia animalium came out. Gessner's great zoological work, Historia animalium,[19] is a 4,500-page encyclopedia of animals that appeared in Zürich in 4 volumes between 1551 and 1558: quadrupeds, amphibians, birds, and fishes. Conrad Gessner (also Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. [4] Despite his traveling ways and the job of maintaining his own gardens, Gesner probably spent most of his time inside his own extensive library. [33], Over his lifetime, Gessner amassed a considerable collection of plants and seeds and made extensive notes and wood engravings. He first saw a tulip in April 1559, growing in the garden of the magistrate Johann Heinrich Herwart at Augsberg, and called it Tulipa turcarum, the Turkish tulip. Johann Conrad Gessner, nado o 26 de marzo de 1516 e finado o 13 de decembro de 1565, tamén coñecido como Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conrad Gesner e Conradus Gesnerus (non confundir con Johannes Gessner, 1709-1790), foi un naturalista e bibliógrafo suízo.. A súa Historia Animalium en catro volmes (1551 - 1558) considérase como o fundamento da zooloxía moderna "[37], To his contemporaries, Gessner was known as "the Swiss Pliny." Nacido y educado en Zurich, fue el hijo de un peletero. 26, 1516. [35] Since Gessner was a Protestant his works were included into this Index of Even though he sought to distinguish observed facts from myths and popular errors and was known for his accurate depiction of many animals in Historia animalium, he also included many fictional animals such as the Unicorn and the Basilisk, which he had only heard about from medieval bestiaries. [3] Although some of his friends again came to his aid, he was appointed to obtaining a teaching position for him, this was in the lowest class and attracted a stipend barely more than a pittance. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. A German translation of the first 4 volumes titled Thierbuch was published in Zürich in 1563. Reference: Nissen Thierbuch 59. In Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone , we meet a band of spirited and … Johann Conrad Gessner , o Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) foi un naturalista y bibliógrafu suizu. In 1541 he prefixed to his treatise on milk and milk products, Libellus de lacte et operibus lactariis[6] a letter addressed to his friend Jacob Avienus (Vogel)[7][b] of Glarus on the wonders to be found among the mountains, declaring his love for them, and his firm resolve to climb at least one mountain every year, not only to collect flowers, but in order to exercise his body. ISBN 978-1-135-58255-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) Conrad Gessner (* 16. oder 26. He then returned to Zürich to practice medicine, which he continued to do for the rest of his life. He died of the plague, the year after his ennoblement on 13 December 1565.[5]. This rising observational approach was new to Renaissance scholars because people usually relied completely upon Classical writers for their research. Today it is one of the oldest Swiss scientific societies. His next major work was his unique Bibliotheca (1545),[18] a landmark in the history of bibliography in which he set out to catalogue all the writers who had ever lived and their works. However he then obtained paid leave of absence to study medicine at the University of Basel (1536). ... Conrad Gessners Thierbuch. [33], Gessner has been described as the father of modern scientific botany and zoology, and the father of modern bibliography. Thierbuch das is ein kurtze b[e]schreybung aller vierfüssigen thiern so … , 1563. But religious persecution forced him to leave Paris for Strasbourg, but being unable to secure employment, returned to Zürich. Es zeigt erstmals die originalen Zeichnungen, die dem Schweizer Arzt und Naturforscher Conrad Gessner als Vorlagen für sein weltberühmtes »Thierbuch« dienten. It built a bridge between ancient, medieval and modern science.With 150 woodcuts total. Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator. (.) durch D. Cûnrat Furer (.) Some damaged pages, repaired margins, Rare but some pages Are teared or Have small pieces of an page missing. Historia animalium includes sketches for many well-known animals, and some fictional ones, including unicorns and mermaids. After 1554 he became the city physician. Gessner's great zoological work, Historiae animalium, is a 4,500-page encyclopedia of animals that appeared in Zürich in 4 volumes between 1551 and 1558: quadrupeds, amphibians, birds, and fishes. Gessner, Conrad. The flowering plant genus Gesneria and its family Gesneriaceae are named after him. Gesner (Gessner), Conrad: Sammelband mit drei zoologischen Werken. There he attended the University of Bourges and University of Paris. ", Macroevolution 2013, History of the creation-evolution controversy, Relationship between religion and science, Timeline of biology and organic chemistry, Concealing-Coloration in the Animal Kingdom, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Conrad_Gessner&oldid=992314730, 16th-century deaths from plague (disease), Converts to Lutheranism from Roman Catholicism, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Botanist identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SIKART identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, On 16 March 2016 the State Museum in Zürich, in close collaboration with Zurich’s Central Library (, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 17:00. In the last decade of his life he began to compile his major botanical work, Historia plantarum. Reference: Nissen THIERBUCH 59. folio), publicando él mismo únicamente Enchiridion historiae plantarum (iszli) y el Catalogus plantarum (1542) en cuatro idiomas. Some dirt, but overall The book is Clean and in descent condition for it’s age. To his contemporaries he was best known as a botanist. 2) Vogelbuch. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus named Tulipa gesneriana, the type species of the Tulipa genus, in his honour. Lot details Object Book Number of Books 1 Darin die Art /natur und eigenschafft aller vöglen (.) Conrad Gessner (/ˈɡɛsnər/; Latin: Conradus Gesnerus[a] 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. [33] Later in 1556 he also combined real and fictional creatures in his edition of the works of Claudius Aelianus. 1) Thierbuch. He created a new, comprehensive description of the Animal Kingdom. Die lateinische Erstausgabe »Historia Animalium« (1550-1558) umfasste mehr als 3000 Druckseiten und unzählige Holzschnitte, welche die Darstellung von Tieren bis zum Ende des 18. Johann Conrad Gessner (no confundir con Johannes Gessner (1709-1790), o Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) ( 26 de marzo de 1516 - 13 de diciembre de 1565) fue un naturalista y bibliógrafo suizo. Superb woodcut from Gessner's FIRST EDITION of the THIERBUCH, 1563. Conrad Gessner (Latin: Conradus Gesnerus) 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. The society's annual publication, the Neujahrsblatt der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich was devoted to a bioography of Gessner in 1966, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of his death.[41]. In 1555 he issued his narrative Descriptio Montis Fracti sive Montis Pilati[9] of his excursion to the Gnepfstein (1920 m), the lowest point in the Pilatus chain. A number of plants and animals have been named after him. Gesner’s first work was a Latin-Greek Dictionary, the Lexicon Graeco-Latinum (1537),[17] compiled during his studies in Basel. Conrad GESNER (naskiĝis la 26-an de marto, 1516, mortis la 13-an de decembro, 1565) estis svisa kuracisto kaj natursciencisto.. Gesner naskiĝis en Zuriko.Studinte medicinon, li unue laboris kiel instruisto. In the words of science writer Anna Pavord, "He was a one-man search engine, a 16th-century Google with the added bonus of critical evaluation. He went into as much detail about some unreal animals as he did about real ones. Su Historia Animalium en tres volúmenes (1555-1558) se considera el principio de la zoología moderna. Consta de cinco volúmenes con un total de 4 500 páginas 2 [22][4], Not content with scientific works, Gessner was also active as a linguist and bibliographer, putting forth in 1555 his book entitled Mithridates. Here the boy became familiar with many plants and their medicinal purposes which led to a lifelong interest in natural history. [12][13] He is also credited with being the first person to describe brown adipose tissue, in 1551,[14] in 1565 the first to document the pencil,[15] and in 1563 among the first Europeans to write about the effects of tobacco.[16]. Gessner was the author of the first modern work of natural history, Historia animalium, published in four large folios from 1551 to 1558. Under Pope Paul IV the Pauline Index felt that the religious convictions of an author contaminated all his writings. His expeditions frequently involved visits to mountainous country, below the snow-line). [8] In addition to his monumental work on animal life, the Historiae animalium (1551–1558),[19] he amassed a very large collection of notes and wood engravings of plants, but only published two botanical works in his lifetime, Historia plantarum et vires (1541)[20] and the Catalogus plantarum (1542)[21] in four languages. März[1] 1516 in Zürich; 13. Conrad Gessner (Konrad Gessner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 de març de 1516 – 13 de desembre de 1565) va ser un zoòleg, botànic i bibliògraf suís. The work, which included his own bio-bibliography, listed some three thousand authors alphabetically, and was the first modern bibliography published since the invention of printing. With the Famous Rhinocerus Woodcut after The original design by Albrecht Durer.The book looks complete, however it is uncertain how every edition was compiled. [34] Finally, the work was published in 1754. Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Studies on Animals) is considered to be the first modern. Part 20, intended to include his medical work, was never finished and part 21, a theological encyclopaedia, was published separately in 1549. He sniffed through remote libraries along with the collections of the Vatican Library and catalogs of printers and booksellers. In 1535, religious unrest drove him back to Zürich, where he made what some considered an imprudent marriage at the age of 19, of a woman from another poor family who had no dowry. There he broadened his knowledge of ancient languages by studying Hebrew. Conrad Gessner was a Renaissance polymath, a physician, philosopher, encyclopaedist, bibliographer, philologist, natural historian and illustrator. His approach to research consisted of four main components: observation, dissection, travel to distant lands, and accurate description. (en latín) o Historia de los animales, es un catálogo zoológico escrito por Conrad von Gesner y publicado en Zúrich entre los años 1551 y 1587. Historia animalium, a work by the physician and naturalist Conrad Gessner (1516-1565), is a compendium of the entire body of zoological knowledge of the author’s era. In fact, Catholic booksellers in Venice protested the Inquisition's blanket ban on Gessner's books, and some of his work was eventually allowed after it had been "cleaned" of its doctrinal errors. There he was also appointed to the post of lecturer of Aristotelean physics at the Carolinum, the precursor of the University of Zürich. Se considera el primer trabajo moderno que intenta describir todos los animales conocidos. [3] One of his teachers in Zürich acted as a foster father to him after the death of his father at the Battle of Kappel (1531), another provided him with three years of board and lodging, while yet another arranged his further education at the upper school in Strasbourg, the Strasbourg Academy. [3][4], Throughout his life Gessner was interested in natural history, and collected specimens and descriptions of wildlife through travel and extensive correspondence with other friends and scholars. Conrad Gessner, Thierbuch (Animal Book), 1563. His work on insects was edited by various authors, including Thomas Penny, till Thomas Muffet brought it to publication as Insectorvm Sive Minimorum Animalivm Theatrvm (1634),[26] finally appearing in English translation as The Theatre of Insects in Edward Topsell's History of four-footed beasts and serpants (1658).[27][28][29][30]. Johann Conrad Gessner (nun confundir con Johannes Gessner (1709-1790), o Konrad Gessner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus) ( 26 de marzu de 1516 - 13 d'avientu de 1565) foi un naturalista y bibliógrafu suizu.. El so Historia Animalium en cuatro volúmenes (1551-1558) considérase'l principiu de la zooloxía moderna. [4], Gessner is credited with a number of the first descriptions of species in Europe, both animals such as the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus), guinea pig (Cavia porcellus)[10] and turkey (Meleagris),[11] as well as plants such as the tulip (Tulipa gesneriana). 21.7 x 20.7 cm Zurich: Christopher Froschauer, 1563. Even though religious tensions were high, Gessner maintained friendships on both sides of the Catholic-Protestant divide. He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and botany. (26 de marzo de 1516 - 13 de diciembre de 1565) fue un naturalista suizo. 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