Even in the hottest months (March to May), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius). Heavier rainfall events are infrequent but they make up a significant percentage of the total rainfall. The traditional zones include Bereha, Kolla, Woina Dega, Dega,Wurch and Kur where many kinds of crops are grown in each of these ecological zones. It is temperate on the plateau and hot in the lowlands. Climate. During the process of zonation, the temperature map of Uttarakhand was divided into four thermal regimes 1) <0°C, 2) 0°C - 10°C, 3) 10°C - 20°C and 4) >20°C, thereafter, boundaries of the precipitation distribution (in three regimes 1) < 800 mm, 2) 800-1400 mm, and 3) > 1400 mm) in the state have been overlaid on temperature regimes, which divided entire state of Uttarakhand into twelve Agro-climatic zones. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Addis Abeba. Agroecological zones (area) Appendix 1. We used a long-term, fine-resolution solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) product (GOSIF) derived from SIF soundings measured by the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) to investigate how climatic factors drive the IAV of global ecosystem productivity. Awoday in Hararghe is the biggest market of khat exporting to Djibouti and Somalia. 2008;Trabucco et al. Climatic characteristics of aridity classes of Tigray region, Climatic characteristics of agro-climatic zones of Tigray region, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Haftom Hagos, All content in this area was uploaded by Haftom Hagos on Oct 19, 2019, ... Ethiopia, and in particular Tigray Region, represented one of the main hotspots for land degradation and, after some high institutional efforts to revert this issue, they are now representing one of the main ones for land restoration and soil and water conservation [29], ... Tigray Region, in the northern part of country, is mainly mountainous with a limited amount of rainfall and other water resources. The present paper analyses SWC variations in four newly implemented terraced sites in Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Assessing how climate factors regulate the interannual variability (IAV) of ecosystem productivity globally is crucial for understanding the ecosystem-climate interactions and carbon-climate feedbacks under a changing climate. The average annual temperature in Addis Abeba is … Bridging critical gaps in climate services and applications The changing face of agroecosystem characterization: Models and spatial data, the basis for Various maps give different zone names and boundaries. The BER performance obtained by Gaussian Approximation is compared with that of the traditional one-level. Whole territory of Ethiopia is located in equatorial and subequatorial climate zones however altitude variety brings some features to weather conditions of the country. Based on the principle of ecological footprint, Ecological security in Liaoning coastal economic zone is studied in this paper with three indexes, which are ecological tension index, ecological occupancy index and ecological economic coordination index. Furthermore, the agroforestry suitability categories and tree cover dominance were investigated with respect to the total geographical area, agriculture land cover and with climate variables to understand the present and future trends. 1. SIF was positively correlated with solar radiation in the humid regions, while no significant correlations were found between EVI and solar radiation. The ecoregions of Ethiopia are widely used for extensive grazing systems. Due to variation in the references used, some international organizations now wish to promote the use of a single equation or method to avoid the confusion caused by the current diversity. Ethiopia‟s National Adaptation Plan (NAP-ETH) builds on ongoing efforts to address climate change in the country‟s development policy framework, including the Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy and the second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II), as well as sectoral climate resilience strategies and regional and The exact number of zones is unclear, as the names and number of zones given in documents by Ethiopia's Central Statistical Agency differ between 2005 and 2007. Bridging critical gaps in climate services and applications in Africa. In arid and semi-arid regions where both the amount and frequency of rainfall occurrence is low, it is essential to take into account the unique rainfall characteristics in such regions. Negash, M. and Ermias, B. The hot, arid zone covers the desert lowlands below 500 m, where average annual rainfall is less … Agroecological Belts of Ethiopia Explanatory notes on three maps at a scale of 1:1,000,000 Key Words: Agroecology, agroclimatology, belts, major zones, traditional altitudinal belts, GIS, digital elevation modelling, field mapping The aridity index of the region varies from 0.098 to 0.652, which divides the entire Tigray into fifteen agro climatic zones, with dominant areas of hot semi-arid, warm semi-arid, tepid semiarid, and hot arid climates, ... Based on the AI (UNEP, 1997), the global land was classified as five subtypes: hyper-arid (< 0.03), arid (0.03 -0.2), semi-arid (0.2 -0.5), dry sub-humid (0.5 -0.65), and humid (> 0.65). On the other hand, 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones are recognized by many institutions at present where many kinds of crops are also grown in … Some of the most interesting Ethiopian tribes live in the southern part of the country. (1995). Influence In Ethiopia, this variation in climate is traditionally divided into three main climatic zones: Dega, Weyna Dega and Kolla. traditional agro-clim atic zones. The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants. United Nations Environment Programee (UNEP) (1992). SIF was more sensitive to climate variability than was EVI. With this in mind we seek to identify entry points to integrate short- to medium-term climate risk reduction within development activities in Africa, drawing from experiences in Ethiopia. equation is recommended for general use. A radical reanalysis of mammal distributions by Charles H. Smith, however, has concluded that the Mediterranean region, including both its southern and… A Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) analysis highlighted significant dependency of SWC from the date of analysis, the position in the terraced slope, and its significant positive correlation with the percent of Water Stable Aggregates (WSA) analyzed at the study sites. This method could be used to develop agronomic strategies to cope with the anticipated increase in drought in the semi-arid tropics under climate change. The analysis revealed that nearly 73.4% of the landscape is absent (0%) of tree cover, 7.1%, shows 1-10% and 19.5% area having more than 10% tree cover. Dinku, T., Block, P., Sharoff, J., Hailemariam, K., Osgood, D., del Africa is widely held to be highly vulnerable to future climate change and Ethiopia is often cited as one of the most extreme examples. The LGP ranges from 60 to 100 days over the catchment, increasing from north-east to south-west. The third climate zone is the hot and arid “Kola” zone. Annual and monthly rainfall was fitted to the theoretical probability distributions and the best distributions describing the data at respective stations were determined. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Debre Zeit than in summer. The stronger correlation of SIF with climate factors was also observed at the ecosystem level based on a number of eddy covariance flux sites, indicating that SIF had a higher ability in capturing the variations of gross primary productivity (GPP) than did EVI. This study was undertaken to analyze the landscape potential for the South Asian region in the geospatial domain utilizing the FAO's land suitability criteria. Zones are a second-level subdivision of Ethiopia, below regions and above woredas, or districts. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. In all sites, terraced areas show SWC significantly higher than non-terraced ones, with the lower part of the terraced hillslope more humid than the others. All rights reserved. Ethiopia > Maps. The objectives were (i) to ascertain the suitability of the climate for growing teff (Eragrostis tef) and barley (Hordeum vulgare); (ii) to determine the onset and length of the growing period (LGP), (iii) to evaluate the traditional method of climate classification, and (iv) to produce comprehensive agro-climatic zones of the Giba catchment. Such a parameter (aridity map: Fig. robust agroecosystem characterization. Kiremt or Meher (Summer) - June, July and August are the summer season. in Africa. More than a score of methods are used for estimating ETo. Corral, J., Cousin, R. and Thomson, M.C. The climatic data of 32 stations of Uttarkahand and adjoining region were collected and the thematic layers of climatic parameters, annual average temperature and precipitation were generated using the spatial analyst Extension of ARC-View. 1, K. GOITOM 1 and H. MESERET 2. The key datasets were derived from satellite remote sensing at a global and regional scale for land, soil, climate, and topography and were used to model the agroforestry suitability across South Asia. The method requires limited input data and is simple in its use. The second … For example in Ethiopian Highlands average daytime temperature is in range between 25 and 30 °C (77-86 °F) year-round and there is significant amount of precipitation. Because Ethiopia is located in the tropical latitudes, its areas of lower elevation experience climatic conditions typical of tropical savanna or desert. Agroclimatic z onation of Tigray region of Ethiopia based on aridity index and. The agroforestry suitability and tree cover mapping results/analysis will assist crucially the agroforestry policymakers/planners in the various South Asian countries to implement and extend it to the new area. The highest peak in Ethiopia is Ras Dashen (4533 m a.s.l), where an alpine climate near 0°C persists all year round, sometimes even with a snow cover lasting a couple of days (Hurni and Ludi, 1998). The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cwb. Due to its simplicity and the accuracy of estimates, the 1985 Hargreaves et al. Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region, List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_zones_of_Ethiopia&oldid=992063046, Second-level administrative country subdivisions, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Semien Bete-Amhara(Wollo) Zone / North bete-Amhara Zone, Debub bete-Amhara(Wollo) Zone / South Bete-Amhara zone, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 08:09. Trees are an integral part of the sustainable farming practices that can withstand extreme weather events, pest risks, and optimize land and water productivity to achieve food, fuel, fodder and nutritional security while safeguarding the environmental flows. It is also the largest producer of cereals and coffee. The first of these – Dega – refers to coldish, less than temperate zones with altitudes ranging between 2,600 and 3,200m. Decision Tree Classifier (DTC) embedded in ENVI image processing software was used for agroclimatic zonation of Uttarakhand by considering climatic parameters of annual average temperature and precipitation. Towards a comprehensive agro-ecological zonation of Ethiopia. Corbett, J.D. Both productivity measures showed the dominant role of soil moisture in driving the IAV of global ecosystem productivity, particularly in arid and semi-arid areas. Traditional Climatic zones and their physical characteristics 2. For the crop suitability zoning, the concept of growing period was introduced into the traditional approach, to produce agro-climatic zones. In order to plan effective agricultural and water resource projects, it is necessary to understand the spatial and temporal vari-ability of rainfall. Bega (Winter) - December, January and … Evaporation (ET) measured by lysimeters of various grasses and/or alfalfas has been used as the standard for developing estimating equations. The climate of Ethiopia and its dependent territories varies greatly. Oromia has also abundant livestock than any regions in Ethiopia including camels. The Ethiopian traditional method of climate classification based on temperature and altitude was found to be less relevant to crop suitability zoning in semi-arid regions of Northern Ethiopia because within this semi-arid drought-prone environment the rainfall is more important for crop growth than temperature. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Our findings explicitly reveal the global climatic controls on the IAV of ecosystem productivity, and provide insight into the mechanistic differences between SIF and vegetation indices in characterizing ecosystem productivity. Since high soil disturbance induces low soil aggregates stability, this result shows how low soil disturbance can significantly increase SWC of radical terraces. We also examined how the results derived from SIF differed from those based on a satellite-derived measure of vegetation greenness and productivity - the enhanced vegetation index (EVI) derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The line between the Afrotropical, or Ethiopian, region and the Holarctic is generally drawn somewhere across the Sahara desert (Figure 2). LUPRD, Agroecology Section, Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, Overall, the results of the present paper testify the good performances of bench terraces in Northern Ethiopia in terms of soil water conservation, and can represent a benchmark study informing future terracing implementation in some arid and semi-arid agricultural areas of the world. The combination of the thermal and moisture regimes 3. Towards a comprehensive The analysis clearly shows that the advent of big data, remote sensing and GIS provide insights into the agroforestry interventions and scaling which further helps in building resilient landscapes for sustainable agri-food systems, livelihoods, safeguarding the environmental security and supporting some of the important sustainable development goals (SDGs). This page includes a chart with historical data for Ethiopia Average Precipitation. AGROCLIMATIC ZONES OF ETHIOPIA As the climate is rather complex, it has been the topic of many studies and several classification systems have been applied to the Ethiopian situation. Monitoring of Organochlorine Pesticides Residue Contamination Levels in Poultry Feeds in North Shewa... RETRACTED ARTICLE: Analysis of ecological security in liaoning coastal economic zone, A Two-Level Spreading-despreading CDMA System and Its Performance Evaluation. The agro-climatic resources of Giba catchment in northern Ethiopia were assessed and characterized. Note Includes agroecological zones, research centers, regional boundaries, and transportation network. Lega Dembi in Guji Zone, owned by Midroc has exported more than 5000 kilograms of gold followed by Tulu Kapi in Wollaga. Ethiopian Seasons. An Agro-ecological Cell (AEC) is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist. World The results show that the ecological, A new two-level spreading-despreading scheme is presented in this paper. Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in H. HAFTOM *1, A. HAFTU. The regions of Ethiopia are administratively divided into 68 or more zones (Amharic: ዞን, zonə). Accordingly, quick maturing and drought-resistant varieties of teff and barley can be grown in the centre and in the east, while medium-maturing cultivars should do well in the south-west. 4. Heavy rain falls in these three months. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. (1996). Ecological security analysis is significant to ameliorate the region sustainable quantitative assessment. The warm to hot, semi-arid zone: comprise areas with an altitude of 500 - 1,500 meters, typical annual … Values of reference evapotranspiration (ETo) are used with crop coefficients (KC) for many aspects of irrigation and water resources planning and management. In the agro-ecological zones, small-scale subsistence farming is widely practiced in the highlands and livestock keeping in the lowlands. The Mursi tribe is one example. The results reveal that the two-level CDMA systems introduced in this paper exhibit larger performance gain when time delay can be restricted within a given zone. Genre Maps. Moreover, spatial patterns of Soil Water Content (SWC) within the same terraced hillslope are weakly studied. They live their traditional lifestyle and seem to be content to stay away from the world at large. Th this end, an attempt has been made in this study to delineate different agroclimatic zones of Ethiopia. and Environmental Modelling. However, relief plays a significant role in moderating temperature, so higher elevations experience weather typical of temperate zones. Ethiopia. of the 3 rd International Conference on Integrating GIS (Ed.) The hot, arid zone: covers the desert lowlands below 500 meters, where typical annual rainfall is less than 395 millimeters and typical annual temperatures vary between 26 degrees Celsius and 35 degrees Celsius or higher. Most of the country is highland with many of its tourist destinations like Lalibela and Gondar are at an elevation above 2,000m (6,561ft). Probability of wet days and dry periods of different durations was determined. load exceeds the capacity in Liaoning coastal economic zone, and existing development model is not sustainable. 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